1. Galerius Palace
Similar as many other famous Romans (Julius Caesar and Pompey, Brutus, the Emperors Anthony and Octavius etc.), who had stayed in Thessaloniki, Galerius Valerius Maximianus, one of the four co-emperors of the Tetrach of the Roman Empire at the end of the 3rd century and in the beginning...
2. The Arch of Galerius (Kamara)
The Arch of Galerius, better known as the Kamara, is located at the junction of Egnatia and Demetriou Gounari street further up Navarinou Square. The quadruple arch was part of the large building complex which included the palace, the Hippodrome and the Rotunda.It was built at the end of the 3rd...
3. The Rotunda
The Rotunda, built in the early 4th century, is an ancient impressive roman monument inscribed in the World Heritage List of Unesco. It was probably first constructed as a mausoleum for the Emperor Galerius, who had his seat at Thessaloniki at the end of the 3rd century and the beginning of...
The Acropolis lies in the northeastern and highest point of the city, just beyond Vlatadon Monastery and inside the northen wall of the city, which is in a relatively good state of preservation. Two big gates, the “portares”, lead inside the Acropolis which was the second line of defence in case of siege...
Another line of walling is located at the northen part of the Acropolis, and is called the Eptapyrgio (“Seven Towers”). This made up the last defence line should the enemy breach the outside fortress. It was built in the Venetian period (1423-1430) by the Venetians to resist the Turkish threat.
6. The White Tower
The White Tower is a fortification, cylindrical tower of 33,9m height, 70m perimeter and 22,7m diameter. It has 6 floors with an internal staircase, which twists and screw in contact with the outside wall. Thus, every floor has a central circular hall with a diameter of 8,5m, which communicates...
7. The Ancient Agora (Roman Forum)
The Ancient Agora (Roman Forum), which was revealed during archaeological excavations in 1966, is located south and in close distance from Egnatia street, surrounded from Filippou, Agnostou Stratiotou, Olympou and Makedonikis Amynis streets. The period in which the...
8. Dioikitiriou Square
Recent excavations for the creation of an underground car park in the square in front of the Ministry of Macedonia and Thrace (Dioikitirio) revealed a collection of ruins of ancient buildings (3rd century BC) and early Christian to post-Byzantine monuments such as public buildings, baths, a marble head of Aphrodite, bronze bust of Athena etc.
9. Western Walls
On the west side, where now lies Dimokratias Square (Vardaris district), stood a great gate, the “Golden Gate”. Moreover, a small, octagonal tower formed part of the west fortress, whose part of the remains can be seen behind the courthouse. The western walls of the city were mainly...
10. Eastern Walls
The Eastern Walls begin from the Tower of Trigonio (“Triangle Tower”), at the edge of the Acropolis, where a well known gate that has been preserved is the “Gate of Anna Palaiologou”. Further down the city center, where Syntrivani Square is today stood the “Cassandrian Gate” and close...
11. Byzantine Bath
In Ano Poli, in the center of a block between Theotokopoulou, Crispou, Filoktitou and Chrysostomou streets, a public bath is saved, which was probably founded in the late 13th-early 14th century. Structures of this kind were many in the city during the Byzantine era, but this is the only one that not only was not destroyed, but also it remained almost intact till today.